Medical Research & Studies

Medical research and clinical testing proving the value of pulsed biofeedback in healing.

some highlights…


Pulsed Biofeedback

by Steven Bock, MD

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Pulsed Electromagnetic Field Therapy (PEMF): New Perspectives in Therapy

by Christian Appelt, Medical Anthropologist, Germany
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Biofeedback Therapy Gaining Momentum

by Christina Frangou
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Energy Medicine and Longevity: Cellular-Electrical Biofeedback Combined with Frequency Specific Healing

by James L. Oschman, PhD and Judy Kosovich
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Can Electrons Act as Antioxidants?

by James L. Oschman, PhD
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Energy Medicine and Matrix Regeneration

by James Oschman, PhD, Judy Kosovich
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Biological Effects of Pulsed Electromagnetic Field (PEMF) Therapy

by Keith R. Holden, MD
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The Use of Biofeedback Electromagnetic Energy in Therapeutic Treatments

by Terry Everitt
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Sports Injury Cases

Maryanne Cowan, PhD
Case 1: Rotatory Cuff Injury
Case 2: Shoulder Displacement
Case 3: Athlete Rehabilitation
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The Science Supporting the Use of Pulsing Electromagnetic Field Therapy

by Jim Oschman, PhD
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and more…

Bassett CA, Mitchell SN, Schink MM. Treatment of therapeutically resistant non-unions with bone grafts and pulsing electromagnetic fields.  J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1982; 64(8): 1214-20. PMID: 6752151

Garland DE, Moses B, Salyer W. Long-term follow-up of fracture non-unions treated with PEMFs. Contemp Orthop. 1991; 22(3): 295-302. PMID: 10147555


Rubin CT, McLeod KJ, Lanyon LE. Prevention of osteoporosis by pulsed electromagnetic fields. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1989 Mar; 71(3): 411-7. PMID: 2925715


Tabrah F, Hoffmeier M, Gilbert F Jr, Batkin S, Bassett CA. Bone density changes in osteoporosis-prone women exposed to pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs). J Bone Miner Res. 1990 May; 5(5): 437-42. PMID: 2195843


Wang W, Xiao D, Yang L, Lei Z, He C. Effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields of different treatment time on bone mineral density of femur in ovariectomized rats. Zhongguo Xiu Fu Chong Jian Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2008 May; 22(5): 548-50. PMID: 18630432


Luo E, Jiao L, Shen G, Wu XM, Xu Q, Lu L. Effects of the PEMFs of different intensity on BMD and biomechanical properties of rabbits’ femur. Sheng Wu Yi Xue Gong Cheng Xue Za Zhi. 2005 Dec; 22(6): 1168-70. PMID: 16422091

Jayanand, Behari J, Lochan R. Effects of low level pulsed radio frequency fields on induced osteoporosis in rat bone. Indian J Exp Biol. 2003 Jun; 41(6): 581-6. PMID: 15266903
Satake T. Effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMF) on osteoblast-like cells. Alterations of intracellular Ca2+. Kanagawa Shigaku. 1990 Mar; 24(4): 692-701. PMID: 2133739


Icaro Cornaglia A, Casasco M, Riva F, Farina A, Fassina L, Visai L, Casasco A. Stimulation of osteoblast growth by an electromagnetic field in a model of bone-like construct. Eur J Histochem. 2006 Jul-Sep; 50(3): 199-204. PMID: 16920643
Selvam R, Ganesan K, Narayana Raju KV, Gangadharan AC, Manohar BM, Puvanakrishnan R. Low frequency and low intensity pulsed electromagnetic field exerts its anti-inflammatory effect through restoration of plasma membrane calcium ATPase activity. Life Sci. 2007 Jun 6; 80(26): 2403-10. PMID: 17537462


Foley-Nolan D, Moore K, Codd M, Barry C, O’Connor P, Coughlan RJ. Low energy high frequency pulsed electromagnetic therapy for acute whiplash injuries. A double-blind randomized controlled study. Scand J Rehabil Med. 1992; 24(1): 51-9. PMID: 1604262


Lee PB, Kim YC, Lim YJ, Lee CJ, Choi SS, Park SH, Lee JG, Lee SC. Efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic therapy for chronic lower back pain: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. J Int Med Res. 2006 Mar-Apr; 34(2): 160-7. PMID: 16749411


Thomas AW, Graham K, Prato FS, McKay J, Forster PM, Moulin DE, Chari S. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial using a low-frequency magnetic field in the treatment of musculoskeletal chronic pain. Pain Res Manag. 2007 Winter; 12(4): 249-58. PMID: 18080043

Sutbeyaz ST, Sezer N, Koseoglu BF. The effect of pulsed electromagnetic fields in the treatment of cervical osteoarthritis: a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled trial. Rheumatol Int. 2006 Feb: 26(4): 320-4. PMID: 15986086

Trock DH, Bollet AJ, Markoll R. J Rheumatol. 1994 Oct; 21(10): 1903-11. PMID: 7837158


Shupak NM, McKay JC, Nielson WR, Rollman GB, Prato FS, Thomas AW. Exposure to a specific pulsed low-frequency magnetic field: a double-blind placebo-controlled study of effects on pain ratings in rheumatoid arthritis and fibromyalgia patients. J Rheumatol. 1993 Mar; 20(3): 456-60. PMID: 16770449


Uzunca K, Birtane M, Effectiveness of pulsed electromagnetic field therapy in lateral epicondylitis.Taştekin N. Clin Rheumatol. 2007 Jan; 26(1): 69-74. PMID: 16633709

Weintraub MI, Cole SP. Pulsed magnetic field therapy in refractory neuropathic pain secondary to peripheral neuropathy: electrodiagnostic parameters pilot study. Neurorehabil Neural Repair. 2004 Mar; 18(1): 42-6. PMID: 15035963


Goodwin, T. Physiologic and molecular genetic effects of time-varying electromagnetic fields on human neuronal cells. Lyndon B Johnson Space Center. 2003 Sep. NASA/TP-2003-212054

Byerly D, Sognier M, Arndt D, Ngo P, Phan C, Byerly K, Weinstein R. Pulsed electromagnetic fields – a countermeasure for bone loss and muscle atrophy. Space Life Sciences. NASA.